When and why did economies achieve sustained growth?


For most of history economies did not see growth in output per capita - it fluctuated, but there was no distinct trend. That changed around …. well, it depends on what country we’re talking about and who you ask … but let’s say somewhere between 1600 and today. This topic is mainly about stories for the takeoff to sustained growth in England and the rest of the western economies, including debates on the timing and on the reasons: institutions, technology, culture, geography, dumb luck.

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References

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  34. 2011.   Robert C. Allen and Jean-Pascal Bassino and Debin Ma and Christine Moll-Murata and Jan Luiten Van Zanden.   "Wages, prices, and living standards in China, 1738-1925, in comparison with Europe, Japan, and India".   Economic History Review, 64(s1):8-38.
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  56. 2009.   Allen, Robert C..   "Engels' pause, Technical change, capital accumulation, and inequality in the british industrial revolution".   Explorations in Economic History, 46(4):418-435.   Link
  57. 2009.   Alessandra Fogli and Raquel Fernandez.   "Culture, An Empirical Investigation of Beliefs, Work, and Fertility".   American Economic Journal, Macroeconomics, 1(1):146-177.   Link
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  59. 2008.   Strulik, Holger and Weisdorf, Jacob L..   "Population, food, and knowledge, A simple unified growth theory".   Journal of Economic Growth, 13(3):195--216.
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  94. 2001.   Acemoglu, Daron and Simon Johnson and James Robinson.   "The colonial origins of economic development, an empirical investigation".   American Economic Review, 91(5):1369--1401.
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